Salem witch trials thesis papers
The Salem Witchcraft Trials The Salem Salem witch trials thesis papers trials in Massachusetts during resulted in nineteen innocent men and women being hanged, one man pressed to death, and in the deaths of more than seventeen who died in jail. This conjuring took place in the Parris household where a woman named Tituba, sale, Indian slave, headed the rituals. They had constant fits, twitched, cried, made odd noises, and huddled in corners.
The family called in doctors, and they were treated for many illnesses. The girls began to see hazy shadows and believed that these shadows were of the people who had done this to them. By the end of Februarynot one, but three witches had been named. These women just click for source Sarah Good, Sarah Osborne, and Tituba, all residents of Salem Village. She was well known in the village for her eccentric behavior, and in the past people had suspected her of being a witch.
Her husband, William Good, was a simple laborer and his inadequate income click the following article the Goods to accept charity and to beg for goods from their neighbors. Sometimes they even had to live with their neighbors, but this never lasted long.
A few of the villagers they stayed with reported that their livestock would begin to sicken and die after the Goods were forced to leave. More than fifteen families claimed that Sarah Good bewitched their livestock while others reported that she could make objects disappear into thin air. When Good was questioned about these accusations, her answers were always tight-lipped and aggressive, further leading the people to believe that she was in fact a witch.
- At this point, anyone who was a family member of an accused witch was most likely to wind up in jail also.
- Three-fourths of the non-possessed accusers whose main concern was maleficium were men.
- Some people believe that the Puritans blamed anyone who was different as being a witch.
Sarah Osborne was also one of the first three women accused of putting spells on the girls and possessing them. Unlike Tituba and Sarah Good, however, she was from a very wealthy household. Although it is believed sometimes that only poor people were accused of being witches, in the Salem Witchcraft Trials, this was not true, as in the case of Osborne. Tituba, like Good, was very poor.
She worked as a servant in the Parris home and was a Carib Indian born in Barbados in the West Indies. Reverend Parris brought Tituba to New England when he was was do my finance assignment will a merchant, and after this she married John Indian who also worked as slave for Reverend Parris. Each of these three women was examined by local Salem officials before they were sent off to await trial in a Boston jail. The girls, who these witches had supposedly inflicted sickness upon, were also present during these trials to show the court how much pain the three women had caused.
During the trial Sarah Good kept insisting that she was not guilty but rather that she had been wrongly accused. Sarah Good and Osborn would have me hurt the pappers but I would not. The children still were not able to come up with names for their perpetrators until a little thirteen-year-old girl, Ann Putnam, cried triaps the name of Martha Corey.
Corey, like Osborne, was not poor at all. While she was being tried, Martha Corey had the audacity to laugh at questions presented to her. The number of women accused was monumental, and the court had very little time to examine each accusation thoroughly. Soon, anyone who was called a witch was jailed, whether it was a man, woman, child, or adult.
Everyone jumped at the mention of a witch, afraid that they would be the next person to become a possessed victim of their mysterious black magic. The villagers went from the four-year-old girl to seventy-one-year-old Rebecca Nurse followed by forty-seven-year-old Elizabeth Proctor. At this point, anyone who was a family member of an accused witch was most likely to wind up in jail also. Next, John Proctor became the first male to be charged for being a witch because he stood by his belief that his wife was innocent and spoke out against the court.
The Salem Witchcraft Trials were completely outrageous, convicting women with no solid evidence other than a villager saying that they themselves had seen the person practicing black magic. No one in the court bothered to think that the szlem could be lying and presenting false testimonies. After John Proctor a long list of alleged witches followed.
Mary Easty and Sarah Cloyce, sisters of Rebecca Nurse who had expressed their negative feelings about the trials were locked up in jail.
Even wiitch witches who had been tried already and convicted were let free to return to their normal lifestyles. While Mather introduced a narrative of witchcraft into the Puritan consciousness, the talk of witchcraft escalated when other local girls, including eleven-year-old Ann Putnam, seventeen-year-old Mercy Lewis, and Salem witch trials thesis papers Walcott, began to demonstrate similar symptoms of unusual behavior Reis. Concle Maryse, I, Tituba, Black Witch of Salem Charlottesville: These were a few examples of preposterous tortures against the people.
The most shocking was the arrest of George Burroughs, the onetime pastor sa,em Salem Village church. While accusations were occurring as routine events for the people of Salem, some came continue reading think that perhaps this outbreak papets not related to witchcraft after all. A few in the village go here doubted the validity of the trials from walem beginning, and as time went on they felt more confident and sure that their beliefs were true.
Most ministers of Salem warned the government against accepting these testimonies from the very start of the trials. They said the spirits the girls saw could be just hallucinations resulting from their sickness, or they could be the Devil in disguise, but the government officials simply ignored them. Justice Nathanial Saltonstall also salrm disagreed with the ways of the court because he resigned from his position after the first witchcraft trial. Chief Justice Stoughton, however, thought that pqpers evil spirits would not disguise themselves to people who were willing to cooperate with them.
Now that the accusations were flying back and forth in full swing, anybody and everybody came to the court to put their two cents in. Hundreds of these local salwm came into the court to help testify against crimes alleged witches had committed years, even decades, before. Although many people volunteered to come forward and speak out against these witches, they were very concerned about maleficium, the ability of a witch to do harm to another person through supernatural means. They were afraid that after testifying against the witch that she may put an evil spell on them.
Another concern was that the possessed would be forced to sign a Satanic pact, and if they did not do so then the witches would inflict pain upon them until they did. The number of accusations is what made the Learn more here case different from any other case of witchcraft.
After the executions began inofficials began to deal with the problem of credibility by ignoring any accusations made against the wealthy, well-to-do members of the Salem society. At this point, close to two hundred people had been accused of witchcraft, and more than twenty-five people had died because of the trials. The trials in themselves were a big contradiction. Paprs form of torture was the accused would be pressed by a heavy weight until they confessed.
Giles Corey, husband of Martha Corey, was pressed to death when he refused say that he was involved with the Devil, and that he was, in fact, guilty. One form of torture, though, was even more absurd. If she came up alive everyone said she had magical powers which kept her from drowning, and then she would be executed.
If when tgesis lifted her up she was dead then she was presumed innocent, but that was completely pointless. Either way the accused were killed. These were a few examples of preposterous sqlem against the people. The credibility of these trials was challenged multiple times by many people. These people protesting against the paperx varied.
Some were villagers and some were authoritative figures in the community. One of these people was Article source Mather, who wrote Cases of Conscience. Finally, in October ofso many people were doubting the guiltiness of the witches that Governor Phips, governor of Massachusetts, decided to stop the trials and the executions. They realized that the trials should not continue due to lack of evidence and credibility of the witnesses. Many people accused others of being witches if they disliked them or if they were outsiders in society.
Persuasions of the Witch's Craft Research Papers discuss a book about the modern phenomenon of witchcraft and magic in England. These were a few salem witch trials thesis papers of preposterous witcy against the people. They had constant fits, twitched, cried, made odd noises, and huddled in corners. Reverend Parris brought Tituba to New England when he was still a merchant, and after this she thessis John Indian who also worked as slave for Reverend Parris. A Legal History Kansas: A Documentary Record of Local Conflict in Colonial New England. Vintage Books, In attendance was Cotton Mather, who was forced to interrupt the hanging, as he himself had recorded that any witch was incapable of reciting religious prayers.
Because of this, the witches on trial would confess even if they were innocent, and they would also accuse other innocent people of being witches. The government saw that there was no real way to make sure the person was a witch before executing them and that there was zalem great chance that they may be killing innocent people.
People were still being accused of trias witches even after the trials were suspended, but the charges were not taken seriously. Now the question was how to handle the rest of the cases of the people still locked up in the jails awaiting homework doer doom filled trials.
Our Top thesis trials papers witch salem seems
Because the possessed could not testify and the magistrates were reluctant to accept any more false statements, by the month of Maythe few men and women left in the jails were sent back to their homes. Even the witches who had been tried already and convicted were let free to return to their normal lifestyles. Although there were still some being accused of witchcraft in other towns the cases went unheeded.
This chaotic time was for the most part over. Mostly all confessing witches during this period were females ranging in age from less than ten to more than seventy. Out of the forty-eight possessed, mostly were females. Another 38 percent were over twenty while 18 percent were under sixteen.
Three-fourths of the non-possessed accusers saalem main concern was maleficium were men. Inthe legislature passed the Reversal of Attainder, which was an act to clear the names of everyone jailed during the trials. Massachusetts also repaid the survivors and the heirs for jail and court fees and for some property that the government had taken away from them. The government also wrote up a sincere apology for their mistake in proceeding with the trials when there was no solid evidence and for possibly executing innocent people.
See Appendix 1A As time passed many people wondered what was the purpose of the Salem Witchcraft Trials? Why were so many innocent people jailed or even killed? How could anyone have hanged their neighbor for being a witch? People pondered on what kind of an illness could thesjs been mistaken for the symptoms of possession, but some thought that the possessed were simply liars and fools.
Many times, the Puritans were blamed for the trials, encouraging witchcraft fears, and the number of people affected by them. Some people believe that the Puritans blamed anyone who was different as being a witch. This was because the Puritans had always suspected, as one of their main beliefs, that the Devil envied their way of life and was constantly trying his best trals make their lives miserable.
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By accusing so many people of being witches, they thought they were just purifying the church and their community. Even then, if they did not confess to being guilty, they were punished sometimes even killed. Although the law is innocent until proven guilty, and had been practiced before the trials, in the case of the witchcraft trials, the accused witches were guilty until proven innocent. Not many were given the chance to prove themselves witcy be innocent. Karlsen Carol, The Devil in the Shape of a Woman New York: Vintage Books, Guilley Ellen, Witches and Witchcraft New York: Facts on File, Trask Richard, Salem Village and the Witch Hysteria New York: Golden Owl Publishing Company, Wilson, Lori Lee, The Salem Witch Trials Minneapolis: Lerner Publishing Company, 5.
Hoffer Peter, The Salem Witchcraft Trials: A Legal History Kansas: University Press of Kansas, Rosenthal Bernard, Salem Story: Reading the Witch Trials of Cambridge England: Cambridge University Press, Concle Maryse, I, Tituba, Black Witch of Salem Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, Roach, Marilynne, In the Days of the Salem Witchcraft Trials Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, Hill, Frances, A Delusion of Satan: Doubleday, Barstow, Anne, Witchcraze, A New History of the European Witch Hunts California: Pandora,